Welcome to TJ Islamic Studies!

A Muslim must have knowledge of three things:


  • his Lord,
  • his religion,
  • his prophet



At TJ Islamic Studies you can find resources to help you teach these three important topics.

Since 2002, TJ has been providing free Islamic Studies resources used the world over by homeschoolers, private and public school teachers and administrators and self learners.

TJ Islamic Studies and the family of TJ/Talibiddeen Jr. sites is run by Umm Ibrahim, an American homeschooling mom of 10.

Friday, August 8, 2014

Monday, July 7, 2014

How can we tell when each prayer time begins?

Ever wonder how to naturally tell when the prayers come in?  We had the question come up recently and I came across a helpful post at SalafiTalk.net about it.

We generally rely on prayer schedules out of necessity in the states as opposed to the blessing of hearing the muadhdahaan call the athaan when we were in the Muslim lands.  But it is beneficial to have the kids learn how to naturally tell when the salaat comes in. In the past, we have learned how to tell the approximate time of day using the sun by going outside at various times of the day and recording where our shadows were.  I'm looking forward to trying to do something similar with the information we've come across below, in shaa Allah.

Below is an excerpt  from a post found at SalafiTalk.net which describes the times of entrance and departure of each of the 5 daily prayers.



The Legislated Times for the Five Daily Prayers


The Muslims have never differed over the fact that the five daily prayers have specific times that have been legislated in the Sharee'ah.(2) Allaah, the Almighty, has said, "Verily, prayers have been prescribed upon the believers at set times."

The following is a listing of the times of the five daily prayers, with a brief reference to their relative proofs from the Book and the Sunnah:(3)

Thuhr ("Noon") Prayer: It begins just after the sun's zenith (or "high noon"), as soon as it begins to decline, as the scholars have unanimously agreed.(4) Its time extends until the entrance of 'Asr Prayer, according to the hadeeth, "The (time of) Thuhr is when the sun has begun to decline, until one's shadow is as long as his height, until the entrance of 'Asr time."(5)

'Asr (Afternoon) Prayer: As mentioned clearly in the previous hadeeth, the time of 'Asr Prayer begins at a mid-way point between Thuhr and Maghrib, when a person's shadow is as long as his height.(6) The time of 'Asr extends until sunset. The Prophet (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace) said, "Whoever has prayed one rak'ah (unit) of the 'Asr Prayer before sunset has caught the (time of) 'Asr."(7)

Maghrib ("Sunset") Prayer: It begins after the sun has completely set, according to scholarly concensus.(8) Its time extends until the entrance of 'Eshaa' Prayer. The Prophet (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace) said, "And the time of Maghrib Prayer extends so long as there is some glow left on the (Western) horizon."(9) This period of time is usually a little over an hour in most places.

'Eshaa' (Evening) Prayer: It begins after the last glow of the sun has left the Western horizon. Its time extends until half of the night. The Prophet (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace) said, "And the (time of) 'Eshaa' extends to half the night."(10)

Fajr (Dawn) or Subh Prayer: It begins at the first light of the dawn of the sun, the first glow on the Eastern horizon where the sun will rise from. This is understood from the Verse, "├ŻUntil the white thread (of the dawn) becomes distinguishable from the black thread."(11) It extends until the sun begins to rise, according to the hadeeth, "And the (time of) Subh Prayer is from the first light of dawn until sunrise."(12) This period of time is usually a little over an hour in most places.

These are the times of the five daily prayers in Islaam, as Jibreel (peace be upon him) taught Muhammad (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace). The times of the prayers are all based on the positions of the sun, in a way that makes it easy for the majority of the people on earth to know them without any difficulty whatsoever.

As stated by the Permanent Committee of Scholars for Research and Fatwaa: "The easy way that is in line with the fitrah (the natural state things are created upon) is to rely on the indications in nature (the positions of the sun) that have been indicated in the Islaamic Legislation to determine the times of the prayers."(13)

Source: SalafiTalk.net

This excerpt is part of a larger beneficial post "Prayer Schedules: Important Rulings, Guidelines, and Cautions" which can be found at the link directly above. You can find references for the above information there as well as more beneficial information, in shaa Allah.





Thursday, June 26, 2014



Here is a partial listing of contemporary scholars. 

1. Shaykh Badee’ud-Deen as-Sindee (d.1416H)
2. Shaykh Muhammad Amaan bin ‘Alee Al-Jaamee (d.1416H)
3. Shaykh Hamad al-Ansaari (d.1418H)
4. Shaykh Naasirud-Deen al-Albaanee (d.1420H)
5. Shaykh bin Baaz (d.1420H)
6. Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Saalih Al-’Uthaymeen (d.1421H)
7. Shaykh Muqbil ibn Haadi al Waadi’e (d.1422H)
8. Shaykh Ahmad an-Najmee (d.1429H)
9. Shaykh Rabee’ Ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee
10. Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan
11. Shaykh ‘Ubayd al-Jabiri
12. Shaykh Saalih bin ‘Abdil-’Azeez Aali Shaikh
13. Shaykh Saalih bin Muhammad Al-Luhaydaan
14. Shaykh Zayd Al-Madkhalee (d.1435H)
15. Shaykh Muhammad AbdulWahab Marzooq Al-Banna (d.1430H)
16. Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ibn Ghudayaan (d.1431H)



Biographies for them can be found at IslamTees

Tuesday, June 24, 2014

Learn Your Religion and Do Not Burden Yourself with Current Affairs


Excerpt: 


Sadly, the small students of knowledge in this time busy themselves with siyaasah (politics) while they don’t know the meaning of siyaasah. It is often the case that students come to my house when I arrive here, in ar-Riyaad and in al-Kharj. I was expecting them to ask me questions related to knowledge, but instead they ask me about the agitations, the jamaa’aat (groups) and the ideologies. They busy themselves [with this].

Whoever wants to seek knowledge should turn himself completely away from the traces of [political] agitation and he should begin with memorizing the small books. He should begin with al-Usool ath-Thalaathah (the Three Fundamentals) and not pay any attention to the statement of the agitating troublemakers who say, “Until when will we say: ‘Know, may Allaah have mercy upon you’? Until when?”

Excerpt:


“Does this mean that you want us to live isolated from the world, and that we don’t have any knowledge about Fiqh al-Waaqi’ (science of the current affairs)?”

As for Fiqh al-Waaqi’: listen to the radio and read the newspaper sometimes. Fiqh al-Waaqi’ will reach you while you are walking in the street, while you are in the car or at home.

Do not burden yourself [with this], just learn [your religion] and stick to knowledge.


Continue Reading at Salah Us Saalih.com 

Thursday, June 19, 2014

Holidays and Islam

In Islaam There Are Only Two Eids: Eidul Fitr And Eidul Adhaa




Secular/Innovated Observances (That Should Not Be Observed by Muslims)


Ibaadah (Worship)

What is the difference between Basmalah and Tasmiyyah?

Basmalah is the saying of "Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem"

Tasmiyyah is the saying of "Bismillah"